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Paper [clear filter]
Monday, September 18
 

13:00

A New Austrian Soundscape: The ORF’s unified, revived and modernised archive of sound effects and atmos
Appropriate authentic audio backdrops are an indispensable part of any radio and TV production: Imagine a radio feature set outdoors in the Austrian winter without the sound of skiers on Alpine slopes or ice skaters floating on the Rathausplatz in Vienna…
However, pre-recorded sfx available for purchase do seldom provide material suggesting an Austrian background. What is more, the audioarchive of the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF) had a bank of self-produced domestic sounds that goes back to the 1970s and 80s - valuable for historic productions, but not sufficient for modern purposes.
In 2013, the ORF therefore set up a task force to attend to the problem. The main focus has been the modernisation and regionalisation of the database, an undertaking that came to be called “Hörbares Österreich” (“Audible Austria” or “Austria to listen to”).
But it also engaged in other tasks: the detection of digital sound effects and atmos in all the various ORF databases, the creation of a unified ORF sfx pool with new metadata structures to include old and new material, and the translation of the English language sound effects into German. Last but not least the project has established a culture of working with editors who record on location and make their raw material available to the archive.
So come to the IASA conference this year and listen to the sounds of Austria!

Moderators
avatar for Richard Ranft

Richard Ranft

British Library
Richard Ranft is Head of Sound & Vision at the British Library, with responsibility for 7 million sound recordings, 280,000 moving image items and 750m newspaper pages, and for bringing them together in digital form to create new services for users of the collections. He currently... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Michael Liensberger

Michael Liensberger

Media archivist, ORF
Michael Liensberger was born and raised in Bressanone / Italy. After the Matura he moved to Vienna to study. In the course of studies of history sciences, he specialized in media history, in a contemporary context. During his studies he completed several internships, including at... Read More →
avatar for Elisabeth Steinhäuser

Elisabeth Steinhäuser

ORF (Austrian Broadcasting Corporation)


Monday September 18, 2017 13:00 - 13:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

13:00

Application study of cloud Media Asset storage strategy based on the big data technology
Today, as the informatization is developing speedily, Media Asset has been the core resources in the media industry. To solve the pressure of Media Asset storage, the building of the cloud Media Asset is unavoidable. But, there must be some new problems during the development process of the cloud Media Asset ,including security, efficiency and so on. In order to solve those problems, the author analyzes the feasibility of the Media Asset storage using big data technology. And then taking Shanghai Media Group for example, the author designs hybrid cloud architecture, combining private cloud with public cloud application and video encryption technology, as the distributed storage platform of cloud Media Asset.
To improve the availability of the hybrid cloud architecture, the author designs an efficient and safe solution. Firstly, set up a data-exchange process between private cloud and public cloud. Secondly, proposing a data-exchange strategy based on the big data technology. Then, supply the self-adjusting function for the strategy by means of data mining. Finally, supply two totally different encryption for the two types of Media Asset data uploaded to the public cloud.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Chen Gao

Chen Gao

Senior Engineer, Shanghai Media Group(SMG)
We can talk about IT technology in the media asset system


Monday September 18, 2017 13:00 - 13:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

13:00

Project presentation : Alignment Tools for Music Archive Heritage (ATMAH)
ATMAH is a multidisciplinary project (computer science, information science, SHS) proposes to associate french cultural and scientific partners (BnF, Quai branly museum, LESC, LIASD and the Maison des Cultures du Monde) involved in music archive dissemination, to improve the management of indexing vocabularies (access, enrichment, interoperability), with a special interest with Telemeta (open source web audio platform) in order to enhance their valorisation at national and international level in the context of the Linked Open Data. The challenge of the project will be to prove the interest of interconnection and the feasibility of its realization within a platform between specific internal vocabularies (structured in SQL) and external references vocabularies ("hub" of international dimension , as french language of Bnf RAMEAU and MIMO consortium of Europeana, conform to the standards of the data web). Based on use cases (classifications of musical instruments), it will be necessary to establish use scenari and specifications to be tested in accordance with the needs of information and research professionals (exchange, semi--automatised alignment, graphical and dynamical datavisualization, collaborative annotation). The project is closely linked with the partners' ongoing programs (national and internation) as Musica consortium (TGIR Huma-Num from CNRS, France), LabEx Past in Present cluster, Paris Lumières University, Europeana Sounds.
Keywords: controlled vocabularies, alignment, music, semantic information retrieval, dissemination

Moderators
JG

Judith Gray

Folklife Specialist, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Speakers

Monday September 18, 2017 13:00 - 13:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 2 (ground floor) Takustraße 40, Berlin, Germany

13:30

New Approaches to Community Engagement in the Archives Sector: The Social Media Era
This paper will explore the methods of community engagement work in the archives sector, especially in the current era of social media. We will illustrate the current forms of engagement between Shanghai Audiovisual Archives and local community-members. We will also discuss future projects and the challenges that arise with digital archiving.

Shanghai Audiovisual Archives developed a project to connect local community users using social media. Communities were encouraged to contribute to, and participate in, activities such as watching and sharing historical materials, telling individual stories, and providing personal archives via social media. The archivists combined these community archives with official records to build a virtual community on social media platforms. Archivists also held photographic and visual art exhibitions and lectures of local community histories. The outcome of this project was immeasurable community good will.

This article also presents the challenges of such projects conforming to a top-down model. We have found that the discourse of community participation is overly ambitious in its intents and, from a practical of view, is not easy to apply. This is because the communities are neither universal nor homogenous. For example, the motivation to participate in such projects is totally different across various age groups. Older citizens are less inclined to use digital applications, making it difficult to garner popularity for such projects. The digital gap in the usage of the archives sector needs to be more of a focus in modern day archiving.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Chunliu Jiang

Chunliu Jiang

the director of Product Department, Audio-Visual Archives of Shanghai Media Group(SMG)
Chunliu Jiang got her Master’s degree in Communications from Fudan University in 2005.She participated in Copyright Assets Centre of ShangHai Media Group in 2007, and was in charge of the MAM System Construction and Digital Archive Program. In recent years, she has focused on the... Read More →


Monday September 18, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

13:30

Sounds of the World (Ecouter Le Monde)
Sounds of the world is a project of sound creation carried by an international network of cultural actors and co-funded by the Creative Europe Programme of the European Union. Its scope is to propose a digital platform dedicated to exploring the sounds of cities. The project wishes to develop practice and listening skills.
Indeed most people are familiar with looking at the world, but less familiar with exploring its audio dimension. Yet, the harangues of market sellers in Dakar, children screaming in a Paris square, or the St. Mark's bells midnight-ringing in Venice, all relate our daily lives with an evocative power even stronger than pictures.

On the long run the project want to build a sound library and make it available to experts and professionals working in the field of sounds and audio matter: cultural actors, anthropologists, historians, geographers…

Sounds of the world wants also to set up a web site (audio postcards) available to all citizens in order to raise awareness about the sounds and the audio stimulations surrounding all of us. The project combines a range of different actors: Radio France Internationale, the conservatory «Benedetto Marcello» of Venice, the residents’ association «Bruxelles nous appartient - Brussel behoort ons toe» of Brussels, and the journalism school E-jicom in Dakar.

To realize the project : 2 workshops in Paris; 4 creative training about sounds in Paris, Brussels, et Dakar; 1 concert in Venice with all the sounds recording during the project; 1 online platform gathering the sound creation.   

Moderators
avatar for Richard Ranft

Richard Ranft

British Library
Richard Ranft is Head of Sound & Vision at the British Library, with responsibility for 7 million sound recordings, 280,000 moving image items and 750m newspaper pages, and for bringing them together in digital form to create new services for users of the collections. He currently... Read More →

Speakers

Monday September 18, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

13:30

Using faceted vocabularies to improve description of historic audio collections at the Belfer Audio Archive
As a librarian who has the great privilege to describe audio content in the remarkable and wonderfully diverse Belfer Archive, I have sometimes struggled to provide good access to important details of recordings of vernacular music. There is an undeniable Western Art music bias in the Library of Congress Subject Headings traditionally used to describe music, and a real dearth of terms to describe non-musical audio content, too. My descriptions have recently benefited from the introduction of several new faceted vocabularies developed by the Library of Congress. Two thesauri are primarily concerned with aspects of musical works: the medium of performance and the genre/form; and the third consists of demographic group terms. I am able to provide much more granular and detailed descriptions with significantly greater flexibility, though there are still some aspects of the vocabularies that can be improved. My paper will focus on the development and application of these vocabularies through use cases and analysis of their terms. I will also describe opportunities for use of the vocabularies in linked data environments, and make a case for their wider adoption in digital music libraries. LCMPT, LCGFT, and LCDGT are by no means restricted to use in the MARC environment, and their inclusion would undeniably benefit digital content seekers. The disconnect and divide sometimes present between the "cataloging" and "metadata" worlds is largely an artificial semantic construct, but it can potentially hamper acknowledgment and adoption of practices that would work successfully in both environments.

Moderators
JG

Judith Gray

Folklife Specialist, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Speakers
avatar for Jennifer Vaughn

Jennifer Vaughn

Senior Digital News Librarian, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty


Monday September 18, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 2 (ground floor) Takustraße 40, Berlin, Germany

14:00

100 sounds of the purepecha soundscape. Project for the recognition and preservation of the heritage sound.
The soundscape is the set of sounds. The soundscape is an immaterial heritage and is part of the social identity. For the indigenous community, the soundscape is the social memory of a rural community.
Day to day, thousands of sounds of the soundscape change or disappear irretrievably. The main causes are the social changes brought about by the introduction of technologies, lack of sensitivity to and knowledge of the value of the soundscape, etc. The project 100 Sounds of the Purépecha soundscape sends a call to the population to identify the sounds that have emotional value in the construction of the identity. The Purépechas is an indigenous Mexican group from Morelia. The Purépechas has an active participation in this Project. They propose the sounds to be included from characters, places, works and trades, sound environments, rituals, traditional parties, etc. The research group is going to select 100 sounds. These sounds will be recorded and preserved in the library of the community. This project aims to explore how the link of the indigenous community through their soundscape can lay the bases for the social recognition and protection of the intangible heritage of sounds. Also in this Project we would like to investigate the relation between the soundscape as a living legacy of the Purepecha community.

Moderators
avatar for Richard Ranft

Richard Ranft

British Library
Richard Ranft is Head of Sound & Vision at the British Library, with responsibility for 7 million sound recordings, 280,000 moving image items and 750m newspaper pages, and for bringing them together in digital form to create new services for users of the collections. He currently... Read More →

Speakers
Co-authors
avatar for Leticia Cervantes

Leticia Cervantes

Teaching Researcher, Intercultural indigenous university of michoacan
We are a university that collects the historic demands that indigenous peoples and movements have made in education, with high quality educational programs. With an education that revitalizes indigenous languages, so as to encourage intercultural dialogue, respecting diversity.
avatar for Perla Olivia Rodríguez Reséndiz

Perla Olivia Rodríguez Reséndiz

Investigadora/ Researcher, Instituto de Investigaciones Bibliotecológicas y de la Información de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Monday September 18, 2017 14:00 - 14:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

15:00

Overcoming the fear factor: managing born-digital AV materials
Archival institutions generally have robust processes in place for working with physical materials, yet born-digital items – and born-digital multimedia in particular – tend to invoke uncertainty and even fear among staff. The Alexander Turnbull Library has been managing unpublished born-digital content through the National Digital Heritage Archive (NDHA) since 2008, and has been continually reviewing, experimenting, and refining our processes over the years since. This presentation will explore the changing practice at the Alexander Turnbull Library, using oral history and sound collections as case studies, sharing our experiences, lessons learnt, and directions forward relating to the acquisition, appraisal, description, and access to born-digital and hybrid collections. 

Moderators
avatar for Will Prentice

Will Prentice

British Library

Speakers
avatar for Valerie Love

Valerie Love

Research Librarian, Digital Materials, Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand
Digital specialist and EMu collection management software system administrator.


Monday September 18, 2017 15:00 - 15:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

15:00

Research and sound archives: treasures emerged from the CNRS collections thanks to Europeana Sounds
The archives recorded in the field and widely the sounds of scientific research are quite rare online. They raise multiple issues: ethical and legal issues, contextualization, links between archives and datas, various formats… Even their legitimacy is not always clear to everyone. Through the Europena Sounds project, four research teams from the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) have worked together around sound archives to build a new network of resources and skills for a better workflow : the Research Center for Ethnomusicology (CREM) ; the “Phonothèque” of the Mediterranean Social Science Center (MMSH) ; the Phonobase of the Historical Researches Laboratory of Rhône-Alpes Region (LARHRA) ; the Center for Researches on Sound Spaces and Urban Environments (CRESSON).

This heritage represents 38 000 recordings, from 1900 until today, aggregated with the European Data Model for Sound on Europeana. An important work has been undertaken collectively on common metadata and access rights, which led to interesting discussions on ethical issues too. The CNRS teams focused on providing a free access to their collections. They choose to prioritize on tapes recorded before 1963, on cylinders and 78 rpm and to commit themselves into a better clarification of the rights agreements of the witnesses recorded. A lot of positive answers helped them to add value to these collections.

This digital humanities network built in Europe, led to encouraging results. This paper introduces the strategy set up thanks to this new sharing space for the dissemination of sound archives and the exciting prospects that are currently emerging.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Françoise Acquier

Françoise Acquier

Librarian, Cresson Laboratory - Grenoble School of Architecture
As a documentary resource manager at the Cresson, I work to enhance the members' productions within the online library catalog, Hal archive and different blogs. I work with my CNRS colleagues to describe and put online team's sound archives.
avatar for Henri Chamoux

Henri Chamoux

Engineer, historian, PhD, LARHRA-CNRS
* www.archeophone.org: the archeophone phonograph plays all types of cylinders. Refuse the imitations : ) * www.phonobase.org : 10.000 old waxes, shellac and celluloid to be heard online !
avatar for Véronique Ginouvès

Véronique Ginouvès

Sound archivist, MMSH
avatar for Thomas Henry

Thomas Henry

Ceints de bakélite
78 rpm record collector and researcher from France, creator of the Ceints de bakélite blog. Vice-chair of IASA Discography Committee, Ambassador of IASA for France.
avatar for Joséphine Simonnot

Joséphine Simonnot

Responsable audiovisuel, CNRS, CREM-LESC
Joséphine Simonnot is research engineer and project manager of the web platform « Telemeta », aimed at improving access to ethnomusicology sound archives. Her research are turning towards advanced and innovative tools for semi-automatic indexing of audio data (DIADEMS project... Read More →

Co-authors
avatar for Aude Julien-Da Cruz Lima

Aude Julien-Da Cruz Lima

audio archives manager, CNRS Research Center for Ethnomusicology
Aude Julien Da Cruz Lima, audio archives manager in ethnomusicology, French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) CNRS engineer since 2009, Aude Julien Da Cruz Lima is in charge of the management and dissemination of the archives of the Research Center for Ethnomusicology... Read More →


Monday September 18, 2017 15:00 - 15:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

15:30

Constructing a Linked Data Ontology for Irish Traditional Music: Challenges and Opportunities
Linked open data (LOD) has shown great promise in cultural heritage and digital humanities applications, making cultural heritage materials accessible to wider audiences via the Semantic Web. According to Pattuelli (2015), "Ontologies represent agreed domain semantics," also noting the particular challenges of representing digital cultural heritage materials. Among the few music ontologies developed, none adequately express orally-based traditions like Irish traditional music and dance (ITM).

This paper will describe several key issues related to a current project of constructing a linked data ontology for ITM. Specifically, the paper will describe challenges and opportunities surrounding the selection of appropriate materials from specific archival collections as well as challenges of accurately representing complex musical relationships: musician-musician; musician-music; variants of tunes; where the variation ends and the act of composition begins; and, Irish language and English language equivalents in musician, tune, and geographic place names. Several current projects within Ireland such as Linked Logainm.ie for Irish-English geographic place names are working to create linked data sets that could be re-used within a future ontology constructed specifically for ITM. This linked data ontology project is the first to represent a music tradition propagated primarily through oral transmission. Once completed, it will enable future opportunities for digital discovery and further research in ethnomusicology and digital humanities.
------
Pattuelli, M. C., Provo, A., & Thorsen, H. (2015). Ontology building for linked open data: A pragmatic perspective. Journal of Library Metadata, 15(3-4), 265-294.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Lynnsey Weissenberger

Lynnsey Weissenberger

Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellow, Irish Traditional Music Archive


Monday September 18, 2017 15:30 - 16:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

15:30

Digitization Workflows in support of University Library AV Preservation and Access
Books and other print materials spring to mind right away when people think of libraries. But as institutions of memory and research, university libraries and archives serve users a much wider variety of materials. Cornell University Library is making a concerted effort to fundamentally associate Audio-Visual materials in the minds of our community members. Important in doing so, is the need to to preserve at-risk analog AV materials, and provide more convenient yet appropriate access to their digital surrogates. Completed pilot projects in analog AV preservation and access have garnered our AV Preservation Lab the opportunity to create a larger scale multi-year production plan. We’ve designed essential workflows in association with our University Archives, Library Technical Services and Cornell high-density storage facility. This included consideration of hardware, software, codecs/wrappers, metadata gathering, embedded metadata profiles, and full-featured preservation storage. Continuous assessment of the ever-changing landscape of digital library technology and standards, and awareness of student and researcher expectations, has helped us pick methodologies that will stand the test of time well, while also continuing to prepare us to recognize when change may be called for.


Moderators
avatar for Will Prentice

Will Prentice

British Library

Speakers
avatar for Karl Fitzke

Karl Fitzke

AV Specialist, Cornell University
I manage Cornell Library Audio-Visual Preservation Lab space/gear, i.e. Technology, and perform digitization. This entails responsibility for workflows and procedures used in capturing program material from at-risk analog and digital media carriers in preparation for preservation... Read More →



Monday September 18, 2017 15:30 - 16:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

16:00

Mapping the Meshwork of the Independent Media Arts
During the late-1960s and early 1970s, independent media artists imagined the formation of network of organizations that would support the production, distribution, exhibition, preservation, and study of film and video not only in the known centers of activity, but across all regions of the United States. These organizations provided services for artists – funding and equipment rentals – and to the surrounding community – screenings, coursework, and study collections. Mapping the Independent Media Community (MIMC) is a project that seeks to illustrate the impact of the individuals and organizations that were part of this larger movement to support the development of independent media arts, not just in the United States, but across the globe.

This brief paper will introduce MIMC and discuss the development of the MIMC application as well as the potential impact of the project as a Public Digital Humanities resource for scholars and for the archives that collect and provide access to the primary source materials from which the MIMC data is derived. MIMC is enfolded in the archives. The data model includes the provenance for each discrete data point in the database, linking individual records back to the primary source material from which it was derived. In locating and documenting these archival traces, MIMC provides an understanding not only of the historical unfolding of the independent media arts and Media Arts Center Movement, but of the archivalization of this history as well – the project itself becoming further enmeshed and entangled in the very history that it seeks to uncover. 

Moderators
avatar for Will Prentice

Will Prentice

British Library

Speakers
avatar for Lindsay Mattock

Lindsay Mattock

Assistant Professor, University of Iowa School of Library and Information Science
Professor Mattock completed her doctorate at the University of Pittsburgh School of Information Sciences. She also holds a MLIS with a concentration in Archives, Preservation and Records Management and a BA in Film Studies. Her professional experience as a video-technician and training... Read More →


Monday September 18, 2017 16:00 - 16:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany
 
Tuesday, September 19
 

09:00

A trial for restoration – Restoring the Rivonia trial (1963-1964)

In October 1963, one of the most important Trials took place in the Pretoria Supreme Court. Nelson Mandela and nine others ANC’s leaders were tried for acts of sabotage.

The Rivonia Trial has been recorded on cylindrical soft vinyl films frequently used by South African justice courts : The Dictabelts.

In 2007, the Rivonia Trial collection is nominated to join the UNESCO’s World Programme International Register.

After an agreement signed on 20th December 2013 with DAC (Department : Arts and Culture), INA received the Dictabelts in October 2014 and in May 2015 to begin the restoration process.

The Rivonia Dictablets recordings represent an important part of the South African History and they are of high judicial importance. The restoration work has to respect a Charter of Ethics in order to keep all the authenticity of the Trial.


Moderators
avatar for Ilse Assmann

Ilse Assmann

Head: Media Information Management, M-Net

Speakers
avatar for Quentin Geffroy

Quentin Geffroy

Sound Restorer, INA
http://www.institut-national-audiovisuel.fr


Tuesday September 19, 2017 09:00 - 09:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

09:30

On the Collection, Arrangement, and Study of Speech Accents
The theoretical and practical value of studying human accented speech is of interest to linguists, language teachers, actors, speech recognition engineers, and computational linguists. It is also part of the research program behind the speech accent archive (http://accent.gmu.edu). The archive is a growing annotated corpus of English speech varieties that contains more than 2,355 samples of native and non-native speakers reading from the same English paragraph. The non-native speakers of English come from more than 365 language backgrounds and include a variety of different levels of English speech abilities. The native samples demonstrate the various dialects of English speech from around the world. All samples contain a complete digital audio version, and include a narrow phonetic transcription. Each speaker is located geographically, and crucial demographic parameters are supplied. For comparison purposes, the archive also includes phonetic sound inventories from more than 200 world languages so that researchers can perform various contrastive analyses and accented speech studies.

This paper discusses the architecture and the collaborative methodology behind the speech accent archive. Our practices are evaluated and lead toward a formulation of a set of best practices for online speech databases. Ongoing work on modifications to the archive is addressed, particularly our new computational tools, the enhanced search capabilities with Unicode, and the new smartphone recording procedures. We also describe how the archive is used as a research and teaching tool, with ways of sharing the data.  

Moderators
avatar for Ilse Assmann

Ilse Assmann

Head: Media Information Management, M-Net

Speakers
avatar for Steven Weinberger

Steven Weinberger

Director of Linguistics, George Mason University


Tuesday September 19, 2017 09:30 - 10:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

10:00

The "Pó-de-Arquivo" PodCast: archival theory, documents and recordings in a new context of production
Brazilian's Arquivo Nacional has in its sound archives a considerable music collection (from the first record labels in Brazil to popular music from the late 20th century), besides political speeches, jingles, radio shows and political campaigns. Another collection that has been growing exponentially in the last years is the one named “Arquivo do Arquivo”, which puts together documents produced within the institution: audio records of congresses, speeches and seminars about the most diverse themes held within the walls of this governamental institution. As a way to integrate and grant access to these collections, we've launched a PodCast on archival studies, history, audiovisual and new technologies. The intention of this paper is to report the production experiences and the issues faced through the execution of “Pó-de-Arquivo” PodCast, which presents samples of recently archived audio documents, seminars, congresses and speeches' recordings that are reused/reframed in a new context, proposed by two hosts.

Moderators
avatar for Ilse Assmann

Ilse Assmann

Head: Media Information Management, M-Net

Speakers
avatar for Cadu Marconi

Cadu Marconi

Técnico em Assuntos Culturais, Arquivo Nacional
I'm an historian at Arquivo Nacional do Brasil, with interests in Folk/rock/jazz music, podcasting, latin american history and music, social movements, HQs, soccer. A little bit of all.


Tuesday September 19, 2017 10:00 - 10:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

11:00

Saphir : using coloured light for recovering audio signal from challenging delaminated lacquer disk records
Conventional mechanical playback cannot be used in the case of damaged lacquer audio disk records, used between 1930 and 1960 by a large number of radio broadcasters and archives. INA has developed optical tools and software for the recovery of such records.
The Saphir scanner uses an original approach, by casting a structured coloured light beam onto a small area of the disk surface, and uses a standard video sensor for acquiring rings of pictures. From the collected pictures, the software allows to decode a wide range of audio disks recording types, from early Berliner to stampers and 33rpm vinyl disks, but its strength is at recovering the signals from lacquer recordings, even severely damaged (broken, cracked, delaminated). Extreme examples with numerous cracks and missing flakes will be demonstrated.
We will present our efforts towards replicating the scanner, making the tools available to INA, other audio archives, and service providers, with the objective of opening up the potential for recovering this highly endangered part of the audio heritage.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Jean-Hugues Chenot

Jean-Hugues Chenot

R&D project manager, INA
SIgnal processing. Audiovisual media. Optical playback ofdamaged analogue audio disks.


Tuesday September 19, 2017 11:00 - 11:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

11:00

The Bavarian Radio Audio Tape Archive Digitization project - a case study
The Radio Archives of the Bavarian Broadcast holds about 450.000 quarter-inch tapes. The oldest of these tapes were recorded in 1952. The tape archive is located in a large space on the two upper floors of the radio building. The initial tape digitization process started around the year 1990 as part of the standard re-recording process within the Bavarian Broadcast operations. This process involved one-to-one operator's listening control. Twenty years later about a third of the tapes had been digitized. In 2010 the decision was made to re-use this space for other purposes in the long run and to accelerate the digitization process so that it would be completed within a time period of 5 years. To speed up the digitization an in-house factory migration process was designed, with a strong focus on maximizing quality-control and minimizing labor requirements.
The talk will give insight into the project from different perspectives and illustrate how this large-scale digitization project could be finished within the targeted time frame and calculated budget. Various aspects of the project will be discussed, starting with the decision to use technical observation methods to enable parallel ingest, continuing with descriptions of how the workflow requirements were defined and how the new elements were integrated into the existing system environment. Information about the training process will be presented along with indications of how the important factor of user acceptance was dealt with.
The presentation will be held jointly by the Bavarian Broadcast Head of Collection Management and Digitization, describing the task from the user's point of view, and by the supplier of the system, explaining the technical layout of the selected solution.


Moderators
avatar for Tommy Sjoberg

Tommy Sjoberg

Archivist, Folkmusikens hus

Speakers
avatar for Mary Ellen Kitchens

Mary Ellen Kitchens

Mary Ellen Kitchens wurde 1959 in Houston, Texas geboren. Sie begann in frühen Jahren bereits mit dem Klavier- und Cellounterricht. Nach dem Schulabschluss in New York studierte sie an der Yale University (USA) und absolvierte ein Austauschjahr in Paris (École Normale de la Musique... Read More →
avatar for Tom Lorenz

Tom Lorenz

Managing Director, Cube-Tec International
Tom Lorenz studied sound engineering in Berlin from 1987 to 1993. After receiving his degree as Diplom-Tonmeister he worked as support engineer for an audio restoration system. From 1995 to 2002 he was employed as a project engineer for international sound and radio studio installations... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 11:00 - 11:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

11:30

Blueprinting tradition: Developing a semantic cataloging system for Norwegian folk music
The National Library of Norway and the Norwegian Public Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) are developing a joint digital archive for Norwegian folk music. Based on blueprinting the workflow together with the users, the new semantic web-based cataloging system makes an integrated management of relevant metadata and audiovisual collections possible. The digital archive is based on NRK’s new architecture for broadcast. It takes into account the need for online non-linear dissemination and proper rights management, as well as digital acquisition and long term preservation. 

Moderators
avatar for Tommy Sjoberg

Tommy Sjoberg

Archivist, Folkmusikens hus

Speakers
avatar for Robert Engels

Robert Engels

Project leader, NRK
Open source and standards advocate. Technical lead in the ORIGO project. Heads the Enterprise Architecture board for the NRK ORIGO program on infrastructure replacement at NRK. Robert has also initiated and co-developed the technical back-bone for the Oslo Experience centre for popular... Read More →
avatar for Richard Gjems

Richard Gjems

Head of Music Section, National Library of Norway
Skilled in Library Management, Library Science, Cataloging, Library Instruction, and Cultural Heritage. Master in Cultural history from University of Oslo.


Tuesday September 19, 2017 11:30 - 12:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

11:30

Mass Digitization of 78rpm Records with the Internet Archive
[Note: this is the same presentation that has been accepted for presentation at ARSC, however, B George may not be in Berlin]
The Internet Archive has started to digitize its 78rpm collection by working with George Blood. Over 10,000 sides are done and preserved on archive.org. As we complete another 10,000 we’re planning for 400,000 sides. Now the fun begins!
The goal is to help move forward digitization and signal processing technologies as well as to help the public explore now obscure music and musical styles. Please bring ideas.
Are there other individuals and institutions that want to digitize their 78rpm collections - by using the same high quality workflow and pricing - resulting in the Internet Archive hosting the results?
If others will donate their 78's, the Internet Archive will pay to digitize them (if within scope and not duplicative), return copies of the digital files, and preserve the digital files and physical discs. Our goal is to assemble the best 400,000 sides that we can. Do you know of people that might be interested?
We are looking to improve the metadata and discovery. Can we link to and from discographies, to and from Wikipedia, and other resources? Much more needs to be done on this. Help us make this an audio component to the rich research resources for 78rpms.
This talk will start with status and reserve time for discussion on how others might want to participate. 78's rule!

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for George Blood

George Blood

Owner, George Blood Audio/Video/Film
George Blood has worked in classical music production since receiving his bachelor's degree in Music Theory from the University of Chicago in 1983. While recording live concerts (from student recitals to opera and major symphony orchestras) since 1982, he documented over 4,000 live... Read More →
avatar for Brewster Kahle

Brewster Kahle

Founder and Digital Librarian, Internet Archive
A passionate advocate for public Internet access and a successful entrepreneur, Brewster Kahle has spent his career intent on a singular focus: providing Universal Access to All Knowledge. He is the founder and Digital Librarian of the Internet Archive, one of the largest libraries... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 11:30 - 12:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

12:00

How to deal with a collection of rare commercial phonographic catalogues?
The CREM-CNRS located at the University of Nanterre manages the sound archive of the former Paris Musée de l'Homme. This collection focused on ethnomusicology includes several thousands of 78 rpm records and LPs, as well as photographies and paper documents such as commercial catalogues of record labels from the late 1920's to the 1960's. This collection of several hundreds of catalogues is focused on non-western music released by the major Western record companies (HMV, Columbia, Odéon, Pathé, Polydor...) as well as some local and less-known labels. Indexing, digitizing and sharing such a collection raise several methodological, technical and legal issues we would like to discuss.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Thomas Henry

Thomas Henry

Ceints de bakélite
78 rpm record collector and researcher from France, creator of the Ceints de bakélite blog. Vice-chair of IASA Discography Committee, Ambassador of IASA for France.


Tuesday September 19, 2017 12:00 - 12:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

13:30

A journey through the lives of classical contemporary European composers
In this spoken paper we present the Music in Movement (MiM) project. The aim of this project is to disseminate the work of selected noteworthy European composers and depict their influence on the European musical landscape of the 20th and 21st centuries. With a help of highly curated archival materials of all formats, MiM showcases Europe’s musical community, how it is shaped by the accomplishments of different free and autonomous composers with various backgrounds and can easily be described as “unity in diversity”. MiM aims to cater for the musically educated user while also meeting the needs of broader audiences who have an interest in culture.

With the support from the Dutch Mondriaan Fund, this 9-month pilot project (finalised in June 2017) delivers and tests an innovative presentation form, grounded in the collections and in-depth research from the cultural heritage partners. This will be key to showcase the added value of using innovative approaches for telling the pan-European narrative of contemporary classical music. The pilot is led by four prominent institutes in the domain of preservation and exploitation of cultural heritage (the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision, the National Audiovisual Institute, Poland, the French Audiovisual Institute and the Arvo Pärt Centre, Estonia).

In this presentation we will present the outcomes of the pilot, focusing on the online presentation form, the research and choices we have made for the narrative and innovative solutions. In future, the project aims to expand to more European countries, linking to other European composers and extending the story of Europe's musical landscape.

Moderators
avatar for Peter Laurence

Peter Laurence

Harvard University
Peter Laurence is Senior Curatorial Assistant for the Archive of World Music in the Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library at Harvard University. In that role he serves as primary liaison with faculty and collection donors, helps set digitization and preservation priorities, creates online finding... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Maria Drabczyk

Maria Drabczyk

International projects co-ordinator, National Film Archive - Audiovisual Institute
Project manager at the National Film Archive - Audiovisual Institute in Poland, in charge of international cooperation. EUscreen Foundation Board member, among others, closely collaborating with Europeana. Sociologist by training, practitioner in cultural activities by choice focusing... Read More →
avatar for Lizzy Komen

Lizzy Komen

Project Manager, the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision


Tuesday September 19, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

13:30

Asx̂alakan ayulakan ting as tin ukuux̂tin. IRENE Restores Unangam Tunuu (Attuan) Songs
Four acetate/lacquer coated records found their way into the Oral History Collection at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Recorded by anthropologist Verne Ray in 1945, they were labelled Aleut (Attu). Realizing that playing these records could actually destroy them, we partnered with the Northeast Document Conservation Center. Using the IRENE system, a new technology developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories and tested at the Library of Congress, the system takes ultra-high resolution photographs of the grooves on discs or cylinders and then software translates the images into sound, all without touching the object’s fragile grooves.
After restoring and digitizing the records, we discovered that they were indeed in the Attuan dialect of Unangam Tunuu, the most poorly documented Unangam dialect and one that is no longer spoken.
Working Mr. Dirks, with a speaker of a similar dialect, he translated one of the songs into English. The singers on the recordings identified themselves as husband and wife. Mr. Dirks had personally known them and led us to one of their children.
This paper will address the importance of archivists, linguists and native speakers working together to discover the context, meaning, and significance of these rare recordings. The urgency of preservation of early anthropologic records will be stressed as many of the media used are now disintegrating. And finally the ethnical, legal and intellectual management of these rare recordings will be discussed.

Moderators
avatar for Jacqueline Arb

Jacqueline Arb

Director, Norwegian Institute of Recorded Sound
Past President, International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives

Speakers
avatar for Leslie McCartney

Leslie McCartney

Curator of Oral History, University of Alaska Fairbanks
For the last almost twenty years, Leslie McCartney has conducted and led oral history and other projects in the Canadian sub-arctic, Alaska, England and Ireland all of which involved the archiving of audio/visual recordings.


Tuesday September 19, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

13:30

DPX: History and Considerations Regarding Preservation Archiving
DPX is a digital target format used when scanning motion picture film. It is the successor to Eastman Kodak's CINEON format (ca. 1992). DPX was first standardized in by SMPTE in 1994 and updated in 2003. In their early development, CINEON and DPX addressed a then-new need: building a film-duplication workflow with a digital intermediate, i.e., film-in and film-out. CINEON files were intended to support the exposure of duplicate negative stock that would in turn be printed for theatrical release prints. DPX was designed to play a slightly broader role, although the core motivation was similar. In recent years, the industry has moved to more complex and sophisticated production, favoring terms like digital mastering and developing the Academy Color Encoding System (ACES). DPX can be used in the ACES context, especially when going from film negative and internegative to positive print stock for theatrical projection (now almost a thing of the past). These industry-tailored uses mean that DPX and the installed base of technology that supports it make a good-but-not-perfect fit for memory institution scanning. What adjustments to the DPX specification and/or scanning practices should archivists be thinking about as they increase preservation-oriented digitization of motion picture film?

Moderators
avatar for Lars Gaustad

Lars Gaustad

Head of moving image preservation, National Library of Norway
Lars Gaustad is head of moving image preservation at the National Library of Norway. The library holds the heritage collection of moving images in Norway as well as being responsible for handling the legal deposit of film and television. He has chaired the Technical Commission of... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Carl Fleischhauer

Carl Fleischhauer

IASA Technical Committee
Carl Fleischhauer worked on a variety of digitization and digital preservation projects at the Library of Congress beginning in 1983. His more recent projects at the Library include the Format Sustainability Web site and coordination of the Audio-Visual Working Group of the Federal... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 2 (ground floor) Takustraße 40, Berlin, Germany

14:00

Digitally Curating the Australian Jazz Real Book
This paper presents a discussion and reflection of the development of the Australian Jazz Real Book from a doctoral project through to a publication and innovative digital resource. The paper considers the issues around the production of this extensive collection of Australian music, and the challenges and issues involved with the digital curation of an evolving and ever changing art form.
The Australian Jazz Real Book is dedicated to the preservation, distribution and promotion of Australian Jazz in both digital and print form. The aim with the book and website is to digitally curate the definitive collection of Australian jazz tunes from Australian composers. That is, to make Australian jazz available to the next generation of jazz musicians so that (as the late and great Graeme Bell puts it) "prevents it from sinking into the waters of invisibility". It is also designed for practising and performing musicians, educators and curriculum designers with the opportunity to integrate Australian jazz into music curricula. The idea is to create a resource that students can turn to for repertoire that is uniquely Australian; containing tunes that are 'gig-ready' and also representative of the Australian Jazz Sound. The AJRB’s digital curation mechanisms provide an innovative approach to managing a substantial audiovisual archive and making it relevant and useful to a community.
In the time that the AJRB has been in existence it has made considerable efforts towards celebrating new releases from established artists, showcasing emerging artists, and rediscovering long lost gems through collaborating with the Australian Jazz Museum. With ongoing commitment and support, it is working towards being a culturally significant resource that is unique globally. 

Moderators
avatar for Peter Laurence

Peter Laurence

Harvard University
Peter Laurence is Senior Curatorial Assistant for the Archive of World Music in the Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library at Harvard University. In that role he serves as primary liaison with faculty and collection donors, helps set digitization and preservation priorities, creates online finding... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Tim Nikolsky

Tim Nikolsky

Editor, Educator, The Australian Jazz Real Book
Dr. Tim Nikolsky is a Melbourne based musician, educator, tech guy, PhD graduate, cyclist, enthusiastic homebrewer and most of the time a pretty good guy. His PhD on the development of the Australian Jazz Real Book is the first of its kind in Australia has received several accolades... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 14:00 - 14:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

14:00

FADGI Guidelines for Embedded Metadata in DPX Headers
In 2016, the FADGI Audio-Visual Working Group initiated a project to review the state of embedded metadata in DPX headers from a wide variety of film scanners in use at US federal agencies and beyond. The results of the analysis demonstrate that embedded metadata implementation in file format headers is inconsistent, even in Core fields required by SMPTE as the minimum amount of information that a DPX reader needs to read and interpret a file.

In order to increase standardization of this data across institutions and workflow tools, FADGI published draft guidelines for embedding selected metadata in the DPX file header. These guidelines outline FADGI implementations of the SMPTE Core fields as well as other elements Strongly Recommended, Recommended or Optional for FADGI use. The non-Core fields take advantage of existing header structures as well as define new metadata elements for the User Defined fields to document, among other things, digitization process history. For this field, FADGI draws inspiration from EBU R98-1999: Format for the <Coding History> field in Broadcast Wave Format document for defining a use for field 76, User defined data header, to summarize data on the digitizing process including signal chain specifics and other elements.

Next steps include revising the guidelines to respond to public comments and working to develop an open source tool for batch embedding metadata into DPX headers in conformance with the FADGI guidelines.

Moderators
avatar for Lars Gaustad

Lars Gaustad

Head of moving image preservation, National Library of Norway
Lars Gaustad is head of moving image preservation at the National Library of Norway. The library holds the heritage collection of moving images in Norway as well as being responsible for handling the legal deposit of film and television. He has chaired the Technical Commission of... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Kate Murray

Kate Murray

Digital Projects Coordinator, Library of Congress
Kate Murray is the Digital Projects Coordinator in the Digital Collections Management and Services at the Library of Congress where she leads the Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) Audio-Visual Working Group and the Sustainability of Digital Formats website. Prior... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 14:00 - 14:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 2 (ground floor) Takustraße 40, Berlin, Germany

14:00

Transcription, Translation, Subtitling, OHMS MY! Workflows, tools & strategies for access to multiple language oral histories online
Oral histories are accessed in diverse ways in the digital ecosystem. In the fragmented and increasingly global digital environment, how can archives provide meaningful and equal access to content recorded in multiple languages? The technical and ethical challenges of accurate transcription, translation and subtitling impact our ability to provide access.

Since 2013 the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences’ oral history initiative has conducted over 140 born-digital oral histories with filmmakers internationally. 20% of the collection is in non-English languages. Keeping pace with user search needs, the initiative has developed workflows for cross-cultural and multi-language collaboration in the production, post production and description of oral histories.

The Oral History Metadata Synchronizer (OHMS) is an open source, web-based system designed to enhance access to oral history. OHMS connects the textual search term in a transcript or index to the corresponding moment in the interview. In 2016, OHMS released updates that included capability for bilingual indexes as well as to include a transcript and a translation, all of which are searchable and synchronized to correlating timecode in the online interview.

This paper explores the multi-dimensional process working with various languages, challenges, user expectations, and suggests solutions for archives seeking to provide descriptive metadata of multiple language content in the context of our increasingly interconnected audiences. Speakers will discuss innovative tools and workflows to reduce barriers to accessibility and foster a more inclusive media ecosystem.

Moderators
avatar for Jacqueline Arb

Jacqueline Arb

Director, Norwegian Institute of Recorded Sound
Past President, International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives

Speakers
avatar for Doug Boyd

Doug Boyd

Director, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, the University of Kentucky Libraries
Doug Boyd directs the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History in the University of Kentucky Libraries.
avatar for Teague Schneiter

Teague Schneiter

Sr. Manager of Oral History Projects, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Teague Schneiter is Sr. Manager of the Academy Foundation's Oral History Projects dept, an initiative that records, collects and preserves interviews with filmmakers. She has an MA in Preservation &Presentation of the Moving Image Uni. of Amsterdam. Since 2017 she has served on the... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 14:00 - 14:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

15:00

New perspectives on archiving practices in language documentation
Archiving practices have been a driving issue in the field of endangered language documentation. As one result, new archiving institutions as well as a set of standards have been established. From the perspective of our projects, we identify several gaps in integrating these standards into the existing infrastructures in a way that suits our needs.

For scientific use, the relevant workflows for processing and publishing data need to ensure multi-cited teamwork and scientific referenceability. Though present as an ideal, this barely corresponds to the reality because the current digital archiving platforms are too static to handle continuously refined data. Furthermore, the interfaces are not user-friendly enough for the speaker communities we work with.

Our projects investigate endangered Uralic languages in the Barents Sea area and are developing a common framework in order to systematically apply methods from natural language processing to enrich our corpora. We also re-distribute our data to the speaker communities through a website [http://videocorpora.ru], although this fulfils only partial and short-term needs. Our long-term goal is to combine our internal project workflows with regular data releases to the digital archive we work with, i.e. TLA (Nijmegen), regular updates of the Internet-based presentations for the communities as well as other potential outlets, e.g. linguistic corpus interfaces.

Whereas our working platforms – building on ownCloud, GitHub, and SVN – are used for daily project collaboration, ideally automated routines would convert the data for the various outlets. This ensures both persistency, sustainability, and ease of use.

Moderators
avatar for Judith Opoku-Boateng

Judith Opoku-Boateng

Archivist, Institute of African Studies
Judith Opoku-Boateng is the Head Archivist of the J. H. Kwabena Nketia Archives of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, Legon. She has formal qualifications in Sociology and Archival Studies from the University of Ghana.   She started her career as a researcher... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Niko Partanen

Niko Partanen

Researcher, LATTICE
MR

Michael Rießler

Fellow, Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies


Tuesday September 19, 2017 15:00 - 15:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

15:30

Studs Terkel Radio Archive - Using the past to inform our future
What has been happening with the Studs Terkel Radio Archive since IASA’s 2015 conference? I would like to catch up the international archival sound community on how we aim to merge metadata, transcriptions and creative re-use into a freely accessible digital platform. First up will be a tour of our back end system called Starchive that allows for easy metadata manipulation, file derivative creation and asset sharing among other features. Next will be a demonstration of the automatic transcription service that includes an open source interactive transcript player. The rest of my presentation will focus on our outreach efforts and hopefully a sneak-peek at our brand new website!

Moderators
avatar for Judith Opoku-Boateng

Judith Opoku-Boateng

Archivist, Institute of African Studies
Judith Opoku-Boateng is the Head Archivist of the J. H. Kwabena Nketia Archives of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, Legon. She has formal qualifications in Sociology and Archival Studies from the University of Ghana.   She started her career as a researcher... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Allison Schein Holmes

Allison Schein Holmes

Archivist, WFMT & WFMT Radio Network


Tuesday September 19, 2017 15:30 - 16:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

16:00

Enhanced audiovisual media integration through innovative online presentational platform design: Mission Music Africa
Mission Music Africa represents the culmination of a decade-long effort, preparing a large ethno-musicological audiovisual collection for publication through an internationally recognized archive. Gathered throughout East Africa 1963-1969 and subsequently digitized 1998-2007, the collection exemplifies a fascinating documentary of both an assimilation and rejection process of Western values amidst radical political and cultural changes.

Mission Music Africa also illustrates a perfect chronicle of the changing digital formats and workflows, accompanying the project migrating from various analog media formats towards contemporary digital media archival content and emerging mandate of an online dissemination platform created at Acadia University, Canada.

As the intrinsic value of the collection lies not only in the presence of unique original resources, but also effective integration of both quantity and quality of data correlations, this project demonstrates how inherent cultural authenticity can be effectively enhanced through specific data correlation enhancing workflow mechanisms.

First, by enhancing previously obtained same-category media data through a three-step “Memory Mining Feedback Cycle” sequence, involving the collector associating individual media files within all files of same-category, “two-dimensional” relationships. This is then significantly expanded towards “three-dimensional” correlations involving all remaining audiovisual media categories, obtaining over 10,000 additional comments and data entries.

Finally, these enriched media-specific data sets then form the foundation of a basic online presentational platform driven by propriety software, simultaneously displaying data-match priority criteria lists of separately listed audiovisual resource files, clustered around a central user-driven and fully searchable media playback screen, thus significantly enhancing relational density and depth of cultural perception (http://africaproject.acadiau.ca/mediaPlayer.jsp). System is user updatable and fully backwards compatible to original resources.

Moderators
avatar for Judith Opoku-Boateng

Judith Opoku-Boateng

Archivist, Institute of African Studies
Judith Opoku-Boateng is the Head Archivist of the J. H. Kwabena Nketia Archives of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, Legon. She has formal qualifications in Sociology and Archival Studies from the University of Ghana.   She started her career as a researcher... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Christoph Both

Christoph Both

Professor of Music, Acadia University
Dr. Christoph Both has a broad background spanning a Master’s in Education (Music/Physics), a Master’s in Performance, Violoncello (Music State Academy Frankfurt/M) and a PhD in Musicology (UVIC), exploring the relationship of information theory on the birth of electronic and... Read More →


Tuesday September 19, 2017 16:00 - 16:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany
 
Wednesday, September 20
 

09:45

Audiovisual collections from a digital preservation perspective: approaches to acquisition and preservation
The Cambridge University Library and affiliated libraries at the University of Cambridge contain a wide range of audiovisual collection materials. As part of the two-year Polonsky Digital Preservation Programme, funded by the Polonsky Foundation, three Fellows have been embedded in the Cambridge University Library. Taking a holistic approach to digital preservation, they are undertaking research addressing policy, strategy, systems, workflows, skills and training. The intention is for Cambridge University Library to take a ‘digital stewardship’ approach to handling born-digital and audiovisual materials, ‘baking’ digital preservation concepts and processes into each stage of their workflows.

A collections survey (encompassing born-digital, digitised and audiovisual collection materials) has uncovered a variety of analogue and digital audiovisual materials, held on physical format carriers and networked data stores. Without existing specialist knowledge, skill-sets or audiovisual digitisation equipment currently available at the Cambridge University Library, this is an opportune time to commence working towards a holistic strategy for acquisition and preservation of digital and audiovisual collection materials.

Collecting institutions often approach audiovisual preservation via a digitisation route, using available best practice and standards. However, other digital preservation principles must be considered once files are digitised and require ongoing management (in a digital preservation system). As part of the Polonsky Project, considerations and recommendations regarding immediate and long-term needs of audiovisual collection materials are being addressed from a digital preservation perspective. We consider the strategies for approaching preservation of audiovisual materials via a ‘digitisation first’ versus ‘digital preservation first’ perspective, and the differences between each of these ‘lenses’.

Moderators
avatar for Bertram Lyons

Bertram Lyons

Partner, Senior Consultant, AVP
Bertram Lyons provides digital preservation consulting and training for the Society of American Archivists, the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives, the Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts, the FBI, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Somaya Langley

Somaya Langley

Digital Preservation Specialist - Policy & Planning, Cambridge University Library
I have worked in the arts, culture, libraries and archives as a festival director, producer, audiovisual technical assistant, digital curation and digital preservation specialist in Australia, Germany and now the UK. Areas of speciality include: digital preservation, digital curation... Read More →


Wednesday September 20, 2017 09:45 - 10:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

09:45

Tuning In To History: Preserving American Broadcast Archives in the Digital Era
One of the most unique audiovisual collections in the United States resides in the Special Collections Library at the University of Maryland (UMD). The archives of Mass Media & Culture (MMC), which is dedicated to preserving the history of American broadcasting, has well over 100,000 audiovisual materials on a wide variety of formats dating back to 1925. These materials contain noncommercial and commercial programs from both radio and television, comprising a significant trove of primary sources that document our nation’s history and culture. Until 2010, most of these collections were hidden from public discovery due in part to staffing shortages, lack of processing standards for AV materials, inability to maintain proper legacy equipment and scant funding for digitization. In the last six years, however, MMC has made great strides in overcoming these challenges. Nearly 10,000 items have been digitized, and the first-ever audiovisual finding aids will soon make their debut on the Libraries’ new public interface. These achievements are the result of collaborative workflow integration across multiple units within the libraries, as well as ongoing partnerships forged with National Public Radio (NPR), the American Archive for Public Broadcasting (AAPB) and the recently-formed Radio Preservation Task Force (RPTF) which operates under the auspices of the Library of Congress. In this presentation, I will highlight the creative and innovative approaches developed by UMD Libraries to improve preservation and access, share some audio examples from our digital collections and discuss our ongoing mission to demonstrate modern, practical models for managing audiovisual materials. 

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Laura Schnitker

Laura Schnitker

Audiovisual Archivist & Curator, University of Maryland
Laura Schnitker is an audiovisual archivist and curator of the Mass Media & Culture unit in Special Collections & University Archives at the University of Maryland. She is also a Lecturer in the School of Music, and hosts a weekly radio show on campus station WMUC.


Wednesday September 20, 2017 09:45 - 10:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

10:15

Houston, we have a problem. How to teach young people about preserving sound cultural heritage?
We live in a technological era that enables us to harness technology in favorable ways for maintaining world sound cultural heritage, especially in terms of its protection for future generations. And it goes without saying that media preservation and archiving require unique skillsets.

We would like to ask and discuss some crucial questions related to power, to IASA’s aims, objectives and possibilities in the terms of designing, promoting and disseminating training in this area. But it’s not just about special education and training in the usual sense; these activities must be conceived in the broadest and widest sense. Great emphasis must be placed on getting support from decision makers. We should start with education and raising awareness of problems. We need advocacy strategies and new leadership skills. We need to seek out innovative ways of cooperating and thinking. We need to reshape our own minds, our abilities and skills. Without the younger generations, we are lost—we need to involve them, inspire their interest, and transfer our know-how.

In several practical cases from the Czech Republic, we will illustrate areas of success and failure.

Moderators
avatar for Bertram Lyons

Bertram Lyons

Partner, Senior Consultant, AVP
Bertram Lyons provides digital preservation consulting and training for the Society of American Archivists, the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives, the Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts, the FBI, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Iva Horová

Iva Horová

Virtual National Phonoteque - coordinator, National Library of Technology
I am graduated in piano playing, musicology and librarienship.Main topics of my interests are music librarianship, methodology of describing special types of documents, data conversation, methodology of document digitization and preservation. I was director of the Library of Academy... Read More →

Co-authors

Wednesday September 20, 2017 10:15 - 10:45
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

10:15

“Digitize me, I am a precious sound document”. The Practice and Problems of Selection and Appraisal in an African Audiovisual Archive
“Digitize me, I am a precious sound document”. The Practice and Problems of Selection and Appraisal in an African Audiovisual Archive

The holdings of the Audiovisual Archive of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, Legon, reflect the intellectual activities and interests of at least three generations of different scholars and collectors. It therefore stores the historically highly relevant collections of renowned musicologists such as J. H. Kwabena Nketia, but it also houses other materials, such as nowadays rare and hardly elsewhere collected commercial recordings on hitherto widely spread music-cassettes.

If notoriously scarce funds become available for the African Sound Archivist, they are in more than one case not only attached to certain conditions, but they are usually also not sufficient to digitize the entire archive in one stroke. A decision what and when to digitize first is therefore inevitable, and this decision also implies a (sometimes conflicting) technical and aesthetic appraisal of the archive‘s holdings. What among them is so intellectually or materially valuable that needs to be processed before other less important or less endangered recordings?

In this presentation I will offer an African Archivist’s perspective on this type of decision-making, which also involves the liaising with the differing views of stakeholders such as potential donors and researchers collaborating with the archive.


Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Judith Opoku-Boateng

Judith Opoku-Boateng

Archivist, Institute of African Studies
Judith Opoku-Boateng is the Head Archivist of the J. H. Kwabena Nketia Archives of the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, Legon. She has formal qualifications in Sociology and Archival Studies from the University of Ghana.   She started her career as a researcher... Read More →


Wednesday September 20, 2017 10:15 - 10:45
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

10:45

A small-scale solution to presenting folk music recordings on the web
At Folkmusikens hus we archive recordings of, chiefly, folk music from our region Dalarna. In most cases there are no copyrights attached to our music recordings, so all we need for publishing is the approval of the musicians. We are using our net of contacts with the folk music community to find and get consent for publishing our recordings on the internet. This also has the added benefit that our audience gets to decide what should be available. We have developed a model for going about this work.

Initially our collection consisted solely of material that we had digitized from established institutions. During our existence we have also gladly accepted donations and loans from the folk music community. In this way we have expanded our archive, and the initial recordings presently only comprise about a quarter of our holdings. Now it gives a more holistic image of what was actually played around the homes of musicians, and not only what the institutions have asked for.
Our database has grown out of this background, and allows for structured and precise queries, avoiding many of the false positives we would have gotten with a “Google-type” search. The found set can be listened to, directly from the database, without us having to chop up the media file into little bits to fit the data record. Instead we have registered the time information in the database and the media is played between the time stamps only.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Tommy Sjoberg

Tommy Sjoberg

Archivist, Folkmusikens hus


Wednesday September 20, 2017 10:45 - 11:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

10:45

The importance of memories in transmedia era
Oral storytelling is the most expressive and concrete way to create connections between generations. That is why sounds and videos became important tools to guarantee that knowledge could be access in the future. Now a days, we are living a profound change from production to dissemination of content. The voice comes out of institutionalized perspective, reach equality and inclusion through social media - You Tube, Periscope, Whats up , Snapchat , Facebook, Pintrest , Instagram, etc. Social media became a important platform to share corporative and personal memories. How understand the importance of memories in transmedia era? How to guarantee access and use of volatile memories produced to social media? How to take care of memories that are personal and extremely collective in the same time?

Moderators
avatar for Bertram Lyons

Bertram Lyons

Partner, Senior Consultant, AVP
Bertram Lyons provides digital preservation consulting and training for the Society of American Archivists, the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives, the Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts, the FBI, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Ariane Gervasio

Ariane Gervasio

Head of Communication, Brazilian Association of Audiovisual Archives


Wednesday September 20, 2017 10:45 - 11:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

11:45

Challenges and opportunities in the management of sound and audio visual archives in the digital era : Case of Zimbabwe
The twenty first century has ushered in the age of ubitiquos technologies which enable archives to manage sound and audio–archives in an integrated way. However the digital divide makes it critical for archives in developing countries to come up with innovative ways to transform the digital divide into a digital dividend in the management of sound audio-archives. This treatise will explore the extent to which the national archives of Zimbabwe is utilising technology to ensure the integrated and innovative management of sound and audio archives. The paper will examine the commercial and free open access software packages that are being used in the management of sound and audio archives in Zimbabwe. It will explore how the national archives can realise economies of scale through utilising integrated technologies. The writers will explore how national broadcasters s and many other private players whose services are limited to creating and commercial broadcasting rather than access for purposes of research and preservation for posterity can benefit from the integrated management of sound and audio visual archives. The paper will examine how the national archives of Zimbabwe can benefit from digital technologies through adapting to integrated and innovative systems in the management of sound and audio archives. The paper will examine how the use of integrated technologies can spur creative and innovation in the way sound and audio-visual archives are managed at the National Archives of Zimbabwe. The paper will use an ecosystem approach to understudy how sound and audio archives can be managed in an integrated and innovative way in Zimbabwe.



Wednesday September 20, 2017 11:45 - 12:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

12:15

From International Shortwave to Digital Archive: Transforming Leo Sarkisian’s Music Time in Africa for a New Worldwide Audience
In January 2015, the US government agency Voice of America transferred the Leo Sarkisian Music Library to the University of Michigan with the goal of digitizing and providing access to the materials for research and teaching. Transfer created an archive where once existed a longstanding music resource that supported all aspects of the production of the VOA’s Music Time in Africa radio program. The archive encompasses sound recordings and type-scripts of the radio program (1965-2004), along with extensive recordings of live musical performances made by Leo Sarkisian in his travels through Africa or by African staff trained by Leo Sarkisian to make professional quality recordings on his behalf—often at the radio stations he helped establish. This paper examines the recorded evidence of Leo Sarkisian’s life’s work as a case study of the successive transformations of archival memory. The first section characterizes the archival properties manifested in live field recordings from nearly 40 African nations and the output of more than 900 radio programs. A second section describes the digitization of the collection according to international standards and the creation of a delivery system for African communities without high-bandwidth Internet access. The third section highlights how digital transformation likely creates new value for the African communities whose cultural heritage was once fixed on contemporaneous live field recordings and radio broadcasts heard only once, decades ago, but now will live on as residual memory that can be reclaimed and repatriated through community engagement. 

Speakers
avatar for Kelly Askew

Kelly Askew

Professor of Anthropology and African Studies, University of Michigan
Socialism/postsocialism, performance, music & poetry, media, cultural politics, nationalism, pastoralism, Swahili studies, property rights, land conflicts, Maasai studies, Tanzania/Kenya, East Africa
avatar for Paul Conway

Paul Conway

Associate Professor of Information, University of Michigan School of Information
Paul Conway is associate professor in the School of Information at the University of Michigan. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. His research encompasses the digitization of cultural heritage resources, particularly photographic archives, the use of digitized resources... Read More →


Wednesday September 20, 2017 12:15 - 12:45
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

12:45

Broadcasting material as audiovisual heritage: Managing sound and audiovisual collections in Señal Memoria (Colombia)
This paper addresses the challenges of managing the collection of Señal Memoria, the project in charge of preserving the audiovisual heritage of the public broadcasting network in Colombia : approximately 350.000 sound and moving image analog carriers that not only document the history of Colombian public broadcasting, but also constitute key sources to understand the country's recent history.
Starting in 2013, Señal Memoria has had to cope with more than six decades of inaction ( the first public radio record is from 1940, whereas the first TV document is from 1954), by designing a long-term preservation and accessibility policy in which sound and audiovisual collections will be integrated to constitute the country's first public broadcasting archive. At the same time, these collections will have to supply material to the public broadcasting network (RTVC) for their daily programming, because the archive is part of the organization.
From storage to cataloging, from ingest to programming, the project has had to build collection management and preservation policies from scratch. The integration of sound and audiovisual collections is one of the key issues in the agenda, knowing that both the conservation of the carriers and the description of the records demands special treatment depending of the nature of the documents, but also, that the historical value of the archive has to be presented and understood by the end user as a whole. 

Speakers
avatar for Juan Murillo

Juan Murillo

Producer and Sound archivist, Señal Memoria
Journalist, Producer and Sound archivist. Since 2008 I´ve been working at the Fonoteca ( Sound archive) of Señal Memoria, helping in the design of preservation, conservation and collection management policies of more than 70 years of radio heritage from Colombia. I also manage... Read More →
avatar for Luisa Fernanda Ordoñez Ortegon

Luisa Fernanda Ordoñez Ortegon

Audiovisual archivist, RTVC
I’m an audiovisual archivist and a historian who’s work focuses in the role that audiovisual sources play in the writing of political history. Since 2015 I’m in charge of the design and implementation of the Collection Management policy at Señal Memoria, the audiovisual archive... Read More →


Wednesday September 20, 2017 12:45 - 13:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 3 (first floor) Arnimallee 23, Berlin, Germany

12:45

Keeping it together: Considerations of multitrack media processing
Multitrack media, specifically as it relates to music production, is fraught with complex decisions related to digitization and processing. Multitrack media is not a priority for many repositories since multitrack media is less accessible to most patrons in addition to rarely representing the finished recorded product. However, with potentially new revenue streams for record labels and the burgeoning ethnomusicological field of record production research, multitrack media has the potential of gaining importance in the audiovisual archive.

This presentation will describe the myriad considerations involved in processing multitrack media. The author will balance the rich descriptive desires with the concept of More Product, Less Process (Greene, Meissner – 2005) by using examples from the Drexel University Audio Archives. Processing priorities, meaningful descriptions, non-audiovisual materials, born-digital implications, along with audio examples will be included in this presentation.

Moderators
avatar for Karen Cariani

Karen Cariani

Senior Director Media Library and Archives, WGBH Educational Foundation
I am passionate about making media archives accessible on-line. This goes hand in hand with digital preservation, metadata processes, and systems to manage both. I seek to use technology as much as possible to help archivists and librarians with their work.

Speakers
avatar for Toby Seay

Toby Seay

Professor, Music Industry, Drexel University
Toby Seay is Professor of Music Production and Chair of the Department of Arts & Entertainment Enterprise at Drexel University. As an audio engineer, he has recorded numerous Gold, Platinum, and Grammy winning records. Toby’s research interests include audio preservation practices... Read More →


Wednesday September 20, 2017 12:45 - 13:15
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany
 
Thursday, September 21
 

09:00

Archiving the digital RAI collection of traditional folk culture
The domain of digitized cultural heritage is gradually spreading around the world.
One of the most obvious advantages that arise from the common effort to digitize and make public the documentary heritage of the various countries is undoubtedly the ability to approach the funds dedicated to traditional folk culture.

In 2015 RAI Teche initiated the recovery and digitization of the Italian ethnic music archive, collected between 1947 and 1962 for RAI by Diego Carpitella with the collaboration of other major ethnomusicologists. It is a collection of about 370 reels that contain more than 4,000 songs, the ownership of which is shared with the National Academy of Santa Cecilia in Rome and that is still the most impressive and significant systematic search of national ethnofonic heritage.
The documents, belonging to a heritage handed down over centuries by oral transmission, were recorded mostly in places of origin and their complex has been surveyed and analyzed using rigorous scientific criteria.

Simultaneously were recovered the television and radio programs devoted to the issues not only musical but also anthropological and cultural sectors of the Italian society existing before technological innovations made in twentieth century.
They have already been digitized and cataloged about 140 documentaries and television and 132 radio programs but, because the search is in progress, the number is likely to increase.
TV and radio reportages and documentaries provide an unmissable evidence of a pre-industrial world now completely disappeared and are, moreover, a valuable record of history of Italy and of RAI.  

Moderators
avatar for Pio Pellizzari

Pio Pellizzari

IASA Vice President
Pio PellizzariStudied musicology, roman philology and French literature. He was a scientific collaborator for musicology at the libraries of the Universities of Lausanne and Fribourg (Switzerland) elaborating musical inheritance and producing catalogues of musical works. He taught... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Daniela Floris

Daniela Floris

RAI Teche Supervisor for TV Documents, RAI Radio Televisione Italiana
Archivist for Rai Teche, Rai Radiotelevisione Italiana. Supervisor for quality control documentation, archivist researcher and Responsible for documentation and archiving of daily televisione schedule and historical heritage. Since 2015 I’m the responsible, with Ettore Pacetti... Read More →
avatar for Ettore Pacetti

Ettore Pacetti

RAI Teche Officer for Audio Documents, RAI Radio Televisione Italiana
Ettore Pacetti, composer and musicologist, was born on January 28, 1956 in Rome, where he completed his musical studies. He followed courses PhD in Composition held by Franco Donatoni at the Accademia di Santa Cecilia in Rome, graduating in 1985. From 1976 to 1984 he worked in cultural... Read More →


Thursday September 21, 2017 09:00 - 09:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

09:30

Restoration and Study of Radio Drama Archives of Hong Kong (1960s-1970s)
There is no complete record of radio drama (a dramatized performance broadcasting through radio) production in Hong Kong. This project revitalized the radio dramas that produced by a private radio station in the 1960s and the 1970s and served as the first comprehensive study on Hong Kong’s radio drama. Radio drama was one of the most popular forms of free entertainment in Hong Kong, and exported to overseas Chinese radio stations in the United States, Singapore and Malaysia. Similar to other countries, the production of radio drama by private radio stations declined drastically when television ownership expanded. This project digitalized the records of radio drama from Hong Kong Commercial Broadcasting Company from the 1960s to the 1970s, which is Hong Kong’s only collection of radio dramas that produced by private radio stations. Through the content analysis of these sound archives, interviews with practitioners and secondary data, this study periodized Hong Kong’s radio drama development into three phases: (1) in the post-war era with the influx of Mainland Chinese immigrants, radio dramas educating the public with traditional virtues, (2) from the 1960s to the 1970s, radio dramas largely ignored social changes and emphasized its entertainment value, (3) when radio audienceship declined since the 1980s, ironically, the practitioners explored the distinctiveness of this “blind” medium through new genres and new technologies of radio drama production. This paper enriched our knowledge of media history. It concludes by calling for more attention on sound record preservation in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities. 

Moderators
avatar for Pio Pellizzari

Pio Pellizzari

IASA Vice President
Pio PellizzariStudied musicology, roman philology and French literature. He was a scientific collaborator for musicology at the libraries of the Universities of Lausanne and Fribourg (Switzerland) elaborating musical inheritance and producing catalogues of musical works. He taught... Read More →

Speakers

Thursday September 21, 2017 09:30 - 10:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

10:00

To be or not to be – Preserving the audiovisual collections of the Viennese Burgtheater and the recordings of USIS
In 2013, the Österreichische Mediathek started an ongoing cooperation with Austrians national theater, the Viennese Burgtheater to preserve and make available the theaters own collection of unique audiovisual recordings. The Burgtheater recorded every premiere since its reopening in 1955 and thereby accumulated a collection of more than 1500 stage plays recorded on different types of media such as reel-to-reel audio tapes, DAT, minidiscs, VHS and – most recently – recordings that are already born digital. All these different types of recordings were transferred in a standardized digital format and hereby made available to signed in users at the Austrian Mediathek for listening in its entirety for the very first time.
A few years earlier, in 2008, another collection of national importance found its way into our archive: The Wienbibliothek (the Viennese Library) gave over more than 4000 reel-to-reel tapes of the United States Information Service (USIS), a US public diplomacy unit which produced broadcasts for Austrian radio stations in the 1950s and 1960s.
These recordings - which recently became part of UNESCOs national “Memory of the world” register - were also digitized as part of a project (“Österreich am Wort”) in which we presented some few thousand files of our archive on our website.
On the basis of these two collections I’d like to show in an exemplary way the possibilities of cooperation between Archives and other cultural institutions to preserve cultural heritage and moreover how archives can deal with audiovisual collections in an integrated manner in the digital era.

Moderators
avatar for Pio Pellizzari

Pio Pellizzari

IASA Vice President
Pio PellizzariStudied musicology, roman philology and French literature. He was a scientific collaborator for musicology at the libraries of the Universities of Lausanne and Fribourg (Switzerland) elaborating musical inheritance and producing catalogues of musical works. He taught... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Stefan Kaltseis

Stefan Kaltseis

Team Leader Digitization, Österreichische Mediathek


Thursday September 21, 2017 10:00 - 10:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

11:00

Integrating broadcast collections in Mexico at the CDI
The process of keeping 21 brodcast archives integrated with each other but preserving the authenticity of each one is not an easy task, the challenge is bigger when we put it in digital and try to give access to a general audience. To integrate different languages, ideas, points of view , etc. we need specific proposals to fill all the requirements of the diversity and complexity of the task, more than 30 different cultures expect to be reflected with the same importance in every aspect and to get the same facilits in economic, human, and technological aspects. How to creat a model that its able to work in such different contexts from the weather to the digital requrements and display it in a database its a work that have taken more than a couple of years to the CDI.
We want to share these important experiences, talking about who we are from the challenge of the technology, the staff training and the cataloguing point of view.

Moderators
avatar for Lynn Johnson

Lynn Johnson

e.tv Pty Ltd., e.tv Pty Ltd.
Library systems manager for 10 years at e.tv, South Africa's first independent, free to air, terrestrial television station and home of eNCA, South Africa's first 24 hour broadcast news service. Work with digital asset managements systems that manages news and programme content... Read More →

Speakers

Thursday September 21, 2017 11:00 - 11:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

11:30

Postcolonial issues for colonial music archives: the Hugh Tracey Collection and 21st century archival ethics
Hugh Tracey is well-known for his sizable collection of musical sound recorded in sub-Saharan Africa over four decades (1930s-70s). Archived at the International Library of African Music (ILAM), which he founded in 1954, these recordings and the documentation he created have served scholarship of African music in multiple ways. Two recent PhD studies of his Collection (Lobley, 2010) and of the textual traces he left at ILAM (Coetzee, 2014) demonstrate the stark contrasts in his legacy. Lobley assesses the value of Tracey’s historical recordings to ethnomusicology at large without entering into critique of his colonial agenda while Coetzee applies postcolonial whiteness theory to his textual traces to elicit the racism embedded in his colonial attitudes. Evidence from these two theses is presented to provoke consideration of the many-layered aspects of one collector’s contribution to preservation of Africa music for posterity and ethical ramifications now. The paper suggests projects at ILAM designed to disseminate Tracey’s recordings in the public sphere and repatriate them to their communities of origin through digital return as broadly as possible are done to establish an ethic of reciprocity. It argues that giving back colonial archives such as Tracey’s to their communities of origin is mandated by his legacy, and also by the legacy of Ethnomusicology at large.

Moderators
avatar for Lynn Johnson

Lynn Johnson

e.tv Pty Ltd., e.tv Pty Ltd.
Library systems manager for 10 years at e.tv, South Africa's first independent, free to air, terrestrial television station and home of eNCA, South Africa's first 24 hour broadcast news service. Work with digital asset managements systems that manages news and programme content... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Diane Thram

Diane Thram

Professor Emeritus, International Library of African Music, Rhodes University
I was Director of ILAM for 10 years and became passionate about music heritage archives, digital return of field collections to their communities of origin, issues in archival ethics and the need to de-colonize collections through heritage activism and promotion of music sustain... Read More →


Thursday September 21, 2017 11:30 - 12:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

12:00

The ABCs of ABBA
When Sweden's ABBA burst onto the international pop music scene in 1974 with “Waterloo,” few outside of their native land realized that every member of the group had been a star in Sweden in their own right, and collectively had more than thirty years experience in pop music. The group was viewed as a lucky and not very original one- off novelty success from a country that was a pop music backwater. Although ABBA's music has endured and appreciation of them is far greater now, their success is still treated as an inexplicable singularity in pop music, with little understanding of what set them apart. This presentation will examine the early years of the group's members in Sweden's busy and varied music scene of the 1960s, and show how their assimilation and fusion of American and European pop, rock folk and classical styles in that decade led to their international breakthrough of the 1970s, using period audio and video of the four individual members of ABBA as well as other key Scandinavian, English, European and American artists of the time.

Moderators
avatar for Lynn Johnson

Lynn Johnson

e.tv Pty Ltd., e.tv Pty Ltd.
Library systems manager for 10 years at e.tv, South Africa's first independent, free to air, terrestrial television station and home of eNCA, South Africa's first 24 hour broadcast news service. Work with digital asset managements systems that manages news and programme content... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Matthew Barton

Matthew Barton

Curator of Recorded Sound, Library of Congress
Matthew Barton has been at the Library of Congress since 2003. Since 2008, he has been Curator of Recorded Sound at the Library of Congress' Packard Campus for Audiovisual Conservation in Culpeper, VA. Before coming to the Library of Congress, he served as staff editor and production... Read More →


Thursday September 21, 2017 12:00 - 12:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

13:30

Broadcasters Dilemma with Archive Asset Management - torn between long term and production requirements.
Broadcasters Dilemma with Archive Asset Management - torn between long term and production requirements.
With periodical changes of production formats, dissemination platforms and content distribution, broadcasters do face a dilemma, when deciding for an archive format. Very often the flavor of the current production format, which is supported by current playout systems, is found as the one fit for all answer. The downside: the discussions arise every 5 years again.

Reality shows that any delivery from the archive is somehow transcoded or rewrapped. A new approach based on this fact is, to detach content from its original media format prone to obsolesence and rely on one normalised lossless format, which is performant enough to support all business processes between legacy archive and production workflows. Managed in a dedicated Archive Asset Management (AAM), legacy essence can be enriched with content-related information and kept inside a central OAIS repository for decades to come. The paper will outline the historical dimension of such a move by listing successful examples from broadcast industry and archives and giving insights on the ongoing evolvement of technology.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers

Thursday September 21, 2017 13:30 - 14:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

14:00

Copyrights, Curation and Crowdsourcing: Bringing Sound and Audiovisual Collections to Today's Public
The Audio Visual Archives Department of the National Archives of Singapore (NAS) appraises and acquires audiovisual records of national, historical and socio-cultural significance to Singapore, and preserves and documents such records that are transferred to the NAS by government agencies, private organisations and individuals. It also manages the prioritisation and digitisation of at-risk audiovisual formats, so as to ensure that the nation’s valuable moving images and recorded sound heritage remain accessible to future generations. Public interest in these records has grown in recent years. Now, everyone wants access to archival records anytime, anywhere – but not everyone understands the copyright barriers to open access faced by archives professionals. The presentation will show how, despite these challenges, NAS has found opportunities to extend its reach, whether through an agreement with the broadcast industry to stream programmes in public libraries, or through the release of newly-digitised pre-WWII recordings under its Sounds of Yesteryear project. It will also share NAS’s efforts to revamp its search portal, as greater access has necessitated catering for better organisation of metadata, and creating differentiated displays for both audiovisual and sound recordings. Finally, the presentation will share how, leveraging on other NAS initiatives such as the Citizen Archivist portal and Syonan Gallery, NAS has also been able to pique peoples’ interest in, crowdsource for information on, and ultimately bring its sound and audiovisual collections closer to the public.

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Jessica Yeo

Jessica Yeo

Assistant Archivist, National Archives of Singapore
Jessica appraises, acquires, documents and provides access to audiovisual records of national and historical significance to Singapore created by public offices, private organisations (including broadcasting stations) and private individuals. Her current projects involve the acquisition... Read More →


Thursday September 21, 2017 14:00 - 14:30
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany

14:30

Partnerships and Innovation to Acquire, Manage and Preserve the EMI Music Canada Archive
In 2015, the University of Calgary in Canada began to acquire the complete corporate record – an estimated 6000 file boxes – of the EMI Music Canada, which was acquired by Universal Music Canada in 2012. The archive represents a comprehensive and uninterrupted record of making, recording and distributing music in Canada for a period of 60 years. The archive consists of extensive textual and audiovisual documentation of the cultural and business trajectory of EMI and the Canadian recording industry. EMI Canada produced Canadian artists and distributed international artists from the main EMI label and other subsidiary record labels. Due to EMI’s Canada’s previous partnership with Capitol Records, artists range from Canadians like Anne Murray and the Rankin Family to international acts that include The Beatles, Pink Floyd, The Beach Boys, and David Bowie. More than 40 audiovisual formats are present in the more than 40,000 recordings.

Our partners in the accessioning, cataloguing, preservation, digitization and use of this collection include Universal Music Canada, Canada’s brand new National Music Centre, and The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. My paper will outline the development and importance of partnerships to manage the accessioning, preservation and use of this large, varied and comprehensive corporate archive. For memory institutions to provide ongoing and meaningful access to audiovisual heritage, such partnerships and new approaches to workflow and outreach are needed to ensure that such collections can be sustainably managed and preserved. 

Moderators
avatar for Bruce Gordon

Bruce Gordon

Audio Engineer/Media Preservation Services, Harvard University

Speakers
avatar for Annie Murray

Annie Murray

Associate University Librarian, Archives and Special Collections, University of Calgary


Thursday September 21, 2017 14:30 - 15:00
Ethnologisches Museum, Room 1 (Auditorium, off the Lower Foyer) Lansstraße 8, Berlin, Germany